Community list of wireless AC/AX/AD devices with proprietary firmware

Find wireless devices with FOSS firmware here.

As there’s no FOSS firmware options beyond Wireless-N this information may be of necessity to some users.

This is an ongoing project to make finding Linux compatible devices as easy as possible. Please comment your experiences or any information below and i’ll try to incorporate it into this post.

| — | — | — |
|Wi-Fi 6 (802.11ax)|2.4/5 GHz
|Wi-Fi 5 (802.11ad)|60 GHz
|Wi-Fi 5 (802.11ac)|5 GHz
|Wi-Fi 4 (802.11n)|2.4/5 GHz

Below is a chart for AC/AX/AD support in the Kernel combining information from’s table, Wikipedia’s table, deviwiki’s table, Debian and various info pages.

Choosing a device using one of these Chipsets should provide a high likelyhood of success if paired with it’s Driver. Most/all of these are available from popular repos or pre-installed (ex: Ubuntu) depending on your OS.

Driver Manufacturer FOSS cfg80211 AP IBSS mesh monitor PHY modes Buses Chipsets Notes
ath11k Atheros No yes yes no yes* yes* A/B/G/N/AC/AX PCI-E / AHB QCA6390 Requires custom install
iwlwifi Intel No yes yes* yes no yes A/B/G/N/AC/AX PCI-E AX210, AX201, AX200 AX200 tested good by @gemmakaru
mt76 Mediatek No yes yes yes yes yes A/B/G/N/AC/AX PCIe / SoC / USB / SDIO MT7612U, MT7610U MT7612U tested good and MT7610U tested good by ALFA Networks
wil6210 Atheros No yes yes no no yes A/B/G/N/AC/AD PCIe Old versions not supported
ath10k Atheros No yes yes yes* yes* yes* A/B/G/N/AC PCI-E / AHB / SDIO QCA6164, QCA6174, QCA9880v2, QCA9882v2, QCA9890v2, QCA9892v2 GoodSupport:QCA6174 NoSupport:QCA98xx hw1.0
iwlwifi Intel No yes yes* yes no yes A/B/G/N/AC PCI-E 9560, 9462, 9461, 9260, 3168, 8265, 8260, 7265, 7260, 3165, 3160
brcmfmac Broadcom No yes yes yes no no A(1)/B/G/N/AC PCI-E
brcmsmac Broadcom No yes yes yes no no A(1)/B/G/N/AC USB / SDIO
qtnfmac Quantenna ? yes yes no no no A/B/G/N/AC PCI-E
*Only some devices


FOSS and General resources here

Debian non-free support for Atheros and Realtek firmware
Debian -- Details of package firmware-atheros in sid
Debian -- Details of package firmware-realtek in sid

WikiDevi lists of AC and AX hardware
List of 802.11ax Hardware - WikiDevi

Intel’s list of their chipsets supported by iwlwifi driver: Linux* Support for Intel® Wireless Adapters

1 Like